Women, Nature, and Culture: Patriarchy and Phalloecntrism in Margaret Atwood's Oryx and Crake and The Year of the Flood

Women, Nature, and Culture: Patriarchy and Phalloecntrism in Margaret Atwood's Oryx and Crake and The Year of the Flood
Moreen Gorgees Seudin1, Saman Abdulqadir Hussein Dizayi2
 Faculty of Arts, Soran University1, Erbil Polytechnic University2


  This paper tackles patriarchy and phallocentrism's concepts by shedding light on women, culture, and nature. Margaret Atwood's novels Oryx and Crake and The Year of the Flood are examined in terms of the concepts mentioned above. Atwood's novels and literary works can be examined in light of the concepts of patriarchy and phallocentrism based on environmental ethics. Through the study of these two novels, this paper attempts to elicit the signs regarding the cultural-ecological discourses and women's conditions as they are trapped in a male-centered society. Besides, it stresses nature's conditions whereby natural objects are undermined and are in the same miserable conditions as women. Then, applying these two concepts in the novels, Oryx and Crake and The Year of the Flood are thoroughly explored along with the male/female and culture/nature dualisms question.

Keywords: Ecofeminism, Margaret Atwood, Patriarchy, Phallocentrism 



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