The Impact of the Trump Doctrine on U.S. foreign policy toward Iraq


The Impact of the Trump Doctrine on U.S. foreign policy toward Iraq
Chenar Babaker Mohammed1, Salih Omar Issa2
PhD student at Soran University1, Department of Diplomacy and International Relations, College of Political Sciences2

Abstract:

Under the Trump administration, U.S. foreign policy has focused on curbing Iran's influence and the role and maintaining counter-terrorism operations in Iraq. President Trump's focus in Iraq has been through smart power, an approach that stresses the need for a robust military presence and invests in political relationships to expand influence and establish its legitimacy. Trump's focus is pursuing U.S. interests in Iraq while curbing Iran, which, in the Trump administration's perspective, is counter to the previous administration's actions of engagement by the Bush administration and disengagement by the Obama administration that deteriorated U.S. interests in Iraq at the expense of the United States. At its core, Trump's policies can be defined as Transactional Realism. Therefore, it can be argued that, despite focusing on U.S. troop withdrawal, Trump will maintain U.S. involvement in Iraq and contain and deter threats to U.S. interests in Iraq.

Keywords; Trump Doctrine, Iraqi crisis, War on Terror, Iranian intervention,

پوختە

سیاسەتی دەرەوەی ئەمریکا لە ئیدارەی سەرۆک ترامپ جەخت لەسەر نەهێشتنی هەژموون و  ڕۆڵی ئێران لە عێراق  و بەردەوامبوون لەسەر ئۆپەراسیۆنەکانی بەرەنگاربوونەوەی تیرۆریزم دەکات.

ترامپ گرینگی بە بەکارهینانی هیزی  زیرەک دا، ئەمە میتۆدێکە تەکەز لەسەر پێویستبوون بە ئامادەبوونێکی لەشکریی بەهێز دەکات و لەهەمان کاتدا برەو بە پەیوەندیەکانی سیاسی دەدات لە پێناو فراوانکردنی هەژموون و سەپاندنی  ڕەوایەتی کردار

ترامپ جەخت لەسەر دەستەبەرکردنی بەرژەوەندیەکانی ئەمریکا لە عێرا‌ق دەکات، لەهەمان کاتدا هەوڵ بۆ ڕێگریکردن لە ڕۆلی ئێران لە عیراق دەدات،  چۆنکە دیدگای ئیدارەی ترامپ دژ بە کردارەکانی ئیدارەکانی پێشووترە سەبارەت بە تێوەکلانی ئەمریکا بە قۆلی لە سەردەمی ئیدارەی سەرۆک بوش و پاشەکشەکردنی ئەمریکا لە سەردەمی ئیدارەی سەرۆک ئۆباما، کە بوونە مایەی تێكچوونی بەرژەوەندیەکانی ئەمریکا لە عێراق لە سەر حسابی ویلایەتە یەکگرتووەکانی ئەمریکا.

لەم سۆنگەیەوە دەتوانرێت سیاسەتی ترامپ بە ریالیزمی مامەڵەگەرایی پیناسە بکرێت و دەتوانرێت بگوترێت، لەگەڵ ئەوەی سەرۆك ترامپ جەخت لەسەر کشانەوەی هیزەکانی ئەمریکا دەکات، بەڵام لەهەمان کاتدا بەردەوام دەبێت لە تێوەکلاندنی وڵاتە یکگرتووەکانی ئەمریکا لە عێراق و رووبەرڕووبوونەوە و بەرپەرچدانەوەی هەرمەترسیەک کە دەبێتە مایەی هەڕەشە بۆ سەر بەرژەوەندییەکانی ئەمریکا لە عیراق.

ووشە سەرەکیەکان: دۆکترینی ترامپ، قەیرانەکانی عێراق، دەست تێوەردانی ئیران، ستراتیژی ترامپ.

ملخص

ركزت السياسة الخارجية للولايات المتحدة في ظل إدارة الرئیس ترامب على الحد من نفوذ ودور إيران والإستمرار في عمليات محاربة الإرهاب.

في العراق ركز الرئيس ترامب علی استخدام القوة الذكية ، وهو نهج يشدد على الحاجة إلى تواجد عسكري قوي ، لكن في الوقت نفسە يستثمر في العلاقات السياسية لتوسيع النفوذ وشرعنة العمل.

يؤکد ترامب علی الحفاظ علی المصالح الأمريكية في العراق وفي نفس الوقت يشدّد علی ضرورة كبح جماح إيران و تقلیل دورە في العراق. وجهة نظر إدارة ترامب تتعارض مع کل من التدخل  الإمريكي الشديد في زمن إدارة بوش و الإنسحاب الأمريکي في زمن إدارة أوباما، اللذان أديا بنظره إلى تدهور المصالح الأمريكية في العراق.

في الجوهر يمكن تعريف سياسات ترامب بأنها واقعية في التعامل، لذلك يمكن القول،  أنه رغم التأکيد على انسحاب القوات الأمريكية، فإن ترامب سوف يحافظ على تدخل الولايات المتحدة في العراق وسيقوم علی بإحتواء و ردع التهديدات للمصالح الأمريكية في العراق.

الکلمات الأساسية: مبدأ ترامب ، أزمات العراق، ، التدخل الإيراني، إستراتیجية ترامبس

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