The Role of Internet in Democracy Promotion

The Role of Internet in Democracy Promotion
Zinah Hasan Hussein
Sociology Department, College of Arts, University of Salahaddin


This study examines the role of the internet in democracy promotion in the world. Theoretically, the internet has an impact on democracy via social and political mechanisms. This study uses a quantitative analysis technique to answer the following question: is the internet significant in democracy promotion in the world?. Further, a scatter plot and a person's correlation was used to understand the correlation and relationship between variables. Besides, the linear regression analysis has been implemented to examine other independent variables that have effects on the dependent variables. The conclusion shows the increase rate of the internet as well as the rate of democracy.

Keywords: Internet, democracy, social mechanism, political mechanism, public sphere, political unrest


ئامانجی ئەم توێژینەوەیە بریتییە لە زانینی رۆلی ئەنتەرنیت لە چەسپاندنی دیموكراسی لەجیهان۔ بەشێوەیەكی تێوری ئە نتەرنێت  كاریگەری هەیە لەسەر دیموكراسی بەرێگای میكانیزمی كۆمەلایەتی و سیاسی ۔ بۆ ئەم توێژینەوەیە میتودی شیكردنەوەی چەندایەتی بەكار هاتووە بۆ وەلامدانەوەی ئەم پرسیارە : ئایا ئەنتەرنێت رۆلی هەیە لە چەسپاندنی دیموكراسی لە جیهان ؟ بوًَ شیكردنەوەی پەیوەندی و پەیوەستی نێوان گۆراوەكان هەریەك لە (scatter plot) و(person's correlation) بەكارهاتووە۔ سەرەرای ئەوەش (linear regression analysis) بە كارهاتووە بۆ دۆزینەوەی گۆراوە سەربەخۆكانی دیكە كە كاریگەریان هەیە لە سە ر گۆراوی پشت بەستوو۔لە كۆتایدا توێژینەوەكە گەیشت بەم دەرئەنجامە، زیاد بوونی تیًكرای بەكارهێنانی ئەنتەرنیت تێكرای چەسپاندنی دیموكراسی زیاد دەبێت۔


تهدف هذه الدراسة الى معرفة دور الإنترنت في تعزيز الديمقراطية في العالم. نظريًا ، تؤثر الإنترنت على الديمقراطية من خلال الآلية الاجتماعية والسياسية. تمت استخدام المنهج  التحليل الكمي في الدراسة للإجابة عن السؤال التالي: هل للإنترنت اهمية في تعزيز الديمقراطية في العالم؟ من آجل تفسير والتحليل العلاقة والارتباط بين المتغيرات استخدمت معامل (scatter plot) و(person's correlation) ، بالإضافة إلى ذلك تم تطبيق تحليل الانحدار الخطي(linear regression analysis) لكشف المتغيرات المستقلة الأخرى التي لها تأثير على المتغيرات التابعة. ووصلت الدراسة الى النتيجة ، ان  زيادة في  معدل استخدام الانترنت يزداد في معدل تعزيز الديمقراطية.


-      Alzhray, Sami Saleh S (2018). The Impact of Internet Usage on family Functioning and Psychological Well-Being in Saudi Arabia. Ph.D. thesis, Nottingham University, UK

-      Chadwich, Andrew (2006). Internet politics: state, citizen, and new communication technology

-      Chokoshvili, Davit. (2011). The Role of the Internet in democratic Transition: A case study of the Arab Spring, Central European University. Budapest, Hungary

-      Cunningham, Christopher A. (2019). Governmental Structures, Social Inclusion, and the Digital Divide. Volume 69, Issue1,

-      Evgeny Morozov, Evgeny (2011). The Net Delusion. London: Penguin Books

-      Grewal, Sharan, Kilavuz M. Tahir, and Kubinec, Robert (2019). Algeria's Uprising: A survey of Protesters and the Military. Foreign Policy at Brooking.

-      Hamanaka, Shingo (2018). The Role of Social Media in the 2011 Egyptian Revolution. Pyukoku University, Japan, Conference Paper

-      Harber, Clive (2012). School Effectiveness and education for democracy and non-violent.

-      Huntington, Samuel P. (1991). Democracy's Third Wave. Journal of Democracy

-      M (Fracchiolla, 2018:261) (Fracchiolla, Domenico (2018). Free Market and Democracy, DOI: 10.13189/sa.2018.060207,

-      Mathiason, J. (2009). Global Institutions: Internet Governance. Routledge: Oxon

-      Mathiason, J. 2009. Internet Governance: The new frontier of global institutions. Oxon: Routledge. Meier, W.A. & Perrin, I. (2007). Media Concentration and Media Governance. Communication, 32: 336-343

-      Miller, Kent D (2009). Strategies for Online Communities. Wiley Online Library,

-      Moghanizadeh, Somayeh (2013). The role of Social Media in Iran's Green Movement. University of Gothenburg, Report No.2013:093, ISSN: 1651-476

-      Pew Research Center (2004). Internet and Technology, www.pewinternet .org

-      GOG Standard Dataset 2019 Codebook

-      Schmitter, Philippe C., and Lynn Karl, Terry (1991). What Democracy Is and Is Not. DOI: 10.1353/jod.1991.0033, Published by the Johns Hopkins University Press

-      Stodden, Victoria, and Meier, Patrick. (2009). A global Empirical evaluation of new communication technology use and democratic tendency. National Center for Supercomputing Application (NCSA), Collage of Law, Illinois, USA

-      Suntai, Dauda Ishaya, and others (2018). Mass Media, Freedom of Expression and Democracy: the Nigerian Experience from 1999-2017, TJCMS Vol. 1. No. 1 August 2018. www.researchgate .net

-      Weber, L. M., Loumakis, A., & Bergman, J. (2003). Who participates and why? An analysis of citizens on the Internet and the mass public. Social Science Computer Review, 21(1), 26-42.