A Perception of First Language Acquisition with Reference to Gender in Kurdish children as an example in Rawandwz district


A Perception of First Language Acquisition with Reference to Gender in Kurdish children as an example in Rawandwz district
Govan Rizgar M. Mustafa, Shorsh Ismael Najm
English Department, Faculty of Education, Soran University

Abstract

This article focuses on Language acquisition as a process which can take place at any period of one's life. In the sense of first language acquisition, however, it refers to the acquisition, unconscious learning, of one's native language during the first 12 or 24 months of age. The research also reviews current approaches to first language acquisition, arguing in favor of the theory that attributes to the child an innate knowledge of universal grammar. Further, this knowledge can accommodate the systematic nature of children's non-adult linguistic behaviors. It also analyzes the factors and other mechanisms that influence first language acquisition.

This research provides a survey composed of two key questions for parents, such as: 1. Which one of your kids acquired language earlier, daughter or son? 2. At what month of age your kid uttered the first word? The researchers used quantitative and descriptive methods. The research also reviews individual differences, specifically debates the critical period in kids’ language acquisition, motivation, memory, and factors that are effective on the language acquisition process. Finally, the study discusses the methodology, language pedagogy as well as the suggestions for further understanding and considering the details in association with the first language acquisition. 

Key words: L1 acquisition, language development, children, mothers, age, gender.

پوختە:

ئەم توێژینەوەیە جەخت دەکاتە سەر وەرگرتنی زمان وەک پڕۆسەیێک کە دەکرێت لە هەر قۆناغێکی ژیانی کەسێک ڕووبدات. پڕۆسەی وەرگرتنی زمانی یەکەم ئاماژە دەکات بە فێربوونی زمانی دایک بە شێوەیێکی خۆڕسکی و بەبێ ئاگایی لە ماوەی نێوان ١٢ بۆ ٢٤ مانگی. ئەم توێژینەوەیە پێداچوونەوە دەکات بەو تێڕوانینانەی کە دراونەتە پاڵ وەرگرتن و فێربوونی زمان و ئەو بیردۆزانەی کە دەڵێن فێربوونی زمان سیستەمێکی خۆڕسکی و گشتگیریە. ئەو سیستەمە هاوکاری لایەنی زمانەوانی منداڵ دەکات. لێرەدا ئەو هۆکار و میکانیزمەی کاریگەری هەیە لەسەر وەرگرتنی زمانی یەکەم شیدەکرێنەوە.

لەم توێژینەوەیە دا پرسیارنامەیێک "ڕاپرسی" بەکارهاتووە کە دوو پرسیاری سەرەکی لەخۆ گرتووە، وەک ١. کامە لە منداڵەکانت زووتر زمانی دایکی فێربوو، کچ یان کوڕ؟ ٢. لە چ مانگێکی تەمەنیدا یەکەم وشە یان دەستەواژەی گووت؟ توێژەرانی ئەم توێژینەوەیە شێوازی چەندێتی و ڕێبازی وەسفی و شیکاریان بەکارهێناوە. توێژینەوەکە لە کۆتایدا دەپڕژێتە سەر لایەنی مەیدانی و ئەنجام و پێشنیارە فێرکاریەکان بۆ باشتر تێگەیشتن لە بواری فێربوون و وەرگرتنی زمانی یەکەم.

ووشە کلیلەکان: وەرگرتنی زمانی یەکەم، بەرەوپێشچوونی زمان، منداڵان، دایکان، تەمەن، ڕەگەز.                                                         

ملخص:

تتركز هذه البحث على اكتساب اللغة كعملية يمكن أن تحدث في أي مرحلة من مراحل حياة الفرد. ومع ذلك ، بمعنى تنتج اكتساب اللغة في البداية إلى اكتساب لغة الام وهو التعلم اللاواعي و ذلك من  خلال 12 الى 24 شهرًا الأولى من العمر. يستعرض البحث  أيضًا الأساليب الحالية لاكتساب اللغة الأولى ، ويدافع لصالح النظرية التي تنسب للطفل معرفة فطرية بالنحو الشامل. هذه المعرفة يمكن أن تستوعب الطبيعة المنهجية للسلوكيات اللغوية للأطفال غير البالغين.

كما يحلل العوامل والآليات الأخرى التي تؤثر على اكتساب اللغة الام . تقدم هذه المقالة دراسة استقصائية تتألف من سؤالين رئيسيين للآباء ، مثل: 1. أي من أطفالك اكتسب اللغة الام  في وقت مسبق ، ابنة أو ابن؟ 2. في أي شهر من عمره نطق ابنك بالكلمة الاولى او المصطلح الاول ؟ استخدم الباحثون الأساليب الكمية والوصفية و التحليلي للوصل الى نتائج و التوصيات البحث, و اي من الاساليب افضل للتعليم و اكتساب اللغة الام .

الكلمات الرئيسية: اكتساب لغة الام ، التقدم الغە ، الأطفال ، الأمهات ، العمر ، الجنس.

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