Language Policy and Kurdish Identity since 2003


Language Policy and Kurdish Identity since 2003
Hawzhen R. Ahmed1, Rashwan Salih2
Department of English, Faculty of Arts, Soran University1Department of English Studies, College of Languages, Salahaddin University2

Contemporary debates on multiculturalism, literary studies, nationalism, and linguistic rights often find language policy scholars and politics researchers at crossroads. This paper aims at assessing the difficulties and building bridges between scholars of language and cultural policies and political theory regarding Kurdistan Region-Iraq case. The sections map out the descriptions of the debates and potential contributions that political theory can make to language-cultural policy and vice-versa. The paper provides insights on how language policy evolved in Kurdistan Region of Iraq from 2003 to date. This is a particularly remarkable period of Kurdish people’s history as they have enjoyed an autonomous status within Federal Iraq. The paper also offers an appraisal of current research, areas of contest and a framework for future interdisciplinary inquiry on the complex interface between language, culture, power and ethics. This collection will be useful for scholars from diverse fields with interests in contemporary societal debates in which language and culture play an important and central role.

Key words: Language and Cultural Policies, National Identity, Dialectical Conflicts

ملخص:

غالباً ما تجد النقاشات المعاصرة حول التعددية الثقافية والدراسات الأدبية والقومية والحقوق اللغوية باحثي سياسة اللغة والباحثين في السياسة على مفترق طرق. تهدف هذه الورقة إلى تقييم الصعوبات وبناء الجسور بين علماء اللغة والسياسات الثقافية والنظرية السياسية المتعلقة بقضية إقليم كردستان العراق. توضح المقاطع وصفا للمناقشات والمساهمات المحتملة التي يمكن أن تقدمها النظرية السياسية في السياسة اللغوية والعكس. تقدم الورقة نظرة ثاقبة حول كيفية تطور سياسة اللغة في إقليم كردستان العراق من عام 2003 حتى الآن. هذه فترة رائعة بشكل خاص من تاريخ الشعب الكردي حيث تمتعوا بوضع مستقل داخل العراق الفيدرالي. تقدم الورقة أيضًا تقييمًا للبحث الحالي ومجالات المسابقة وإطارًا للبحث المستقبلي متعدد التخصصات حول التفاعل المعقد بين اللغة والثقافة والسلطة والأخلاق. ستكون هذه المجموعة مفيدة للباحثين من مختلف المجالات مع اهتمامات في المناقشات المجتمعية المعاصرة التي تلعب فيها اللغة والثقافة دورًا مهمًا ومحوريًا.

پوختە:

گفتووگۆ و دیبەیتە هاوچەرخەکان دەربارەی فرەکەلتوری و دیراساتە ئەدەبییەکان و ناسیۆنالیزم و مافە زمانەوانییەکان زۆرجار دەبنەمایەی ئاریشەسازکرن بۆ لێکۆڵەرانی سیاسەتی زمان و بواری سیاسەت. ئامانجی ئەم لێکۆڵینەوەیە بریتییە لە هەڵسەنگاندنی ئاستەنگەکان و بنیاتنانی هێڵی بەیەکگەیشتن لەنێوان لێکۆڵەرانی زمان و سیاسەتە فەرهەنگییەکان و تیۆری سیاسی سەبارەت بە هەرێمی کوردستان-عێراق. بەشەکانی ئەم لیکۆڵینەوەیە هەڵدەستن بە خستنە بەردەستی وێناکردنەکانی تایبەت بەو دیبەیتانە و ئەو زانیارییانەی کە تیۆری سیاسی دەتوانێت لە سیاسەتی زمان و فەرهەنگ بیانکات و بەپێچەوانەشەوە. ئەم لێکۆڵینەوەیە، بەرچاوڕوونیی دەربارەی چۆنیەتی گەشەکردنی سیاسەتی زمان لە هەرێمی کوردستانی عێراق، لە ٢٠٠٣ ەوە تاوەکو ئێستا بەرچاودەخات. ئەم ماوەیە بریتییە لە کاتگەلێکی گرنگ لە مێژووی کوردان کە ئەزموونی دۆخی ئۆتۆنۆمییان کردووە لەچوارجێوەی عێراقی فیدرال. هەروەها ئەم لێکۆڵینەوەیە هەڵدەستیت بە پێشکەشکردنی جۆرێک لە هەڵسەنگاندن و نیشاندانی ئەو لێکۆڵینەوانەی تایبەتمەندن بە تێکهەلکێشبونی زمان و فەرهەنگ و هێز و ئێتیک. ئەم تێکهەڵکێشییە بۆ ئەو لێکۆڵەرانەی لە جۆرەها بواری تایبەت بە دیبەیتە کۆمەڵایەتییەکان کاردەکەن، کە تیایاندا زمان و فەرهەنگ ڕۆڵێکی کارا و گرنگ دەگێڕن، سوودبەخشە.  

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